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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

Arizona: Study Explores Association Between Depression and Diabetes Among Racial/Ethnic Groups in Arizona

In a new study published in the Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, researchers from the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH) partnered with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to examine the association between self-reported provider-diagnosed depression and self-reported provider-diagnosed diabetes and associated risk factors (smoking, overweight/obesity). Lead authors, Ms. Michelle Sandoval-Rosario, Epidemiology Assignee at the CDC and Dr. Omar A. Contreras at the MEZCOPH analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in over 31,000 individuals of racial/ethnic from 2014-2017.

For non-Hispanic Whites, the prevalence of diabetes among current smokers, and those who were overweight or obese was greater among those with depression than adults without depression. For Hispanics, the positive association between depression and diabetes was significant. In American Indian/Alaska Natives, the association between depression and diabetes and between depression and current smokers remained significant but not the association between depression and overweight or having obesity. There were no significant associations among African Americans. Current smoking and overweight/obese status modified the association between depression and diabetes for all adults.

Senior author of this paper, Dr. Cecilia Rosales, professor and associate dean at MEZCOPH states that “diabetes continues to impact vulnerable communities of the Southwest. In Arizona, the association between depression and diabetes has not been fully explored, and results from this study allow us to advance the scientific evidence between these comorbid conditions.”