Children with asthma are twice as likely to suffer from pneumococcal disease, which can result in pneumonia, a study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers found. Importantly, the research team also found that children who had asthma and another underlying comorbidity at the same time were even more likely to develop the disease.
The research team conducted a nationwide cohort study, using data from Danish medical registries that included 2,253 cases of childhood pneumococcal disease [PD] among more than 888,000 children born in Denmark from 1994 to 2007. The team assessed the impact of having asthma on the development of PD, and the biologic interaction between asthma and other underlying health conditions on the risk of PD.
Children with an asthma diagnosis had increased rates of PD compared with those who never had an asthma diagnosis. The rate of PD was highest among children 6 months to 2 years old (91.2 cases per 100,000 child-years) followed by children under 6 months old (78.8 cases per 100,000 child-years) and children 2 years to 5 years old (21.5 cases per 100,000 child-years).
The researchers also found that the rate of PD was especially high among asthmatic children who had other comorbidities such as cardiac disease, renal disease, or type 1 diabetes.
To read more about the study, go to: http://www.bu.edu/sph/2015/07/30/elevated-risk-of-pneumonia-in-children-with-asthma/