Men have a substantially greater hospital readmission risk during the first three months following a firearm injury hospitalization compared to women, according to a study co-written by a Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researcher and a BUSPH alumnus. While this overall risk was no longer observed at six months after the initial hospitalization, the risk of renal failure and cardiovascular readmissions among males was more than three times greater than females at six months.
The study, published in the American Journal of Men’s Health, provides the first evidence of gender-specific differences in readmission rates after discharge from firearm injury hospitalization.
Using a Nationwide Readmission Database (2013–2014), researchers analyzed the total readmission visits, total cost of hospitalization, cost per readmission, total length of stay in days, and length of stay per readmission in days of more than 17,000 men and 2,200 women who were admitted to the hospital after a firearm injury.
“Since hospitals are financially penalized for admissions, these results may lead to male-specific programs to improve health outcomes after firearm injuries,” says senior author Dr. Bindu Kalesan, assistant professor of community health sciences at BUSPH and assistant professor of medicine at the Boston University School of Medicine.
The study was led by BUSPH alumnus Mr. Yi Zuo, lead biostatistician at the Center for Clinical Translational Epidemiology and Comparative Effectiveness Research (TEC) at the Boston University School of Medicine.