A new study co-authored by a Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) professor points to nine characteristics that “significantly increase” the odds of medically complex patients being readmitted to acute care hospitals from inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs).
The study, in the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, examined the variation in 30-day readmission rates among more than 117,000 medically complex patients at 682 IRFs nationwide, from 2002 to 2011. The average age of patients was 71.5.
The authors examined 16 patient and facility characteristics to identify which ones had the most significant impact on readmission rates. Nine of the 16 factors were identified as significant, including: older age, male gender, poor admission motor function, longer duration of impairment, unemployed or retired status, and larger facility size.
“Facilities with the highest readmission rates more commonly cared for patients at highest risk for readmission: unemployed, male patients with higher comorbidity index and poorer motor function on admission,” the authors said.
To read more about the study, go to: http://www.bu.edu/sph/2016/05/31/nine-factors-fuel-readmissions-from-rehab-hospitals/