ASPPH logo


Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

Child Mortality Falls Worldwide, But Not Fast Enough, Johns Hopkins Study Finds  

Despite advances, millions of children worldwide still die before their fifth birthday, with complications from preterm birth and pneumonia together killing nearly two million young children in 2013, according to a study led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The report, published online October 1 in The Lancet, examines what caused an estimated 6.3 million children under the age of five to die in 2013, one-third fewer than the 9.9 million estimated to have died around the world in 2000. While preterm births and pneumonia were also the top killers in 2000, complications from childbirth are now the third most common cause of death in this group, displacing diarrhea, a disease for which there have been many advances in treatment in the developing world.

The largest burden of child mortality is in sub-Saharan Africa, where nearly half of the deaths worldwide (3.1 million) occurred in 2013 – and where 60 percent of child deaths are estimated to occur in 2030 if trends continue, says study lead author Dr. Li Liu, assistant professor in the departments of population, family and reproductive health, and international health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

To learn more: