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Member Research and Reports

Columbia: Survey Results Put Rwanda on Track to Achieve HIV Epidemic Control

The Government of Rwanda, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) Relief (PEPFAR), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and ICAP at Columbia University released new data demonstrating Rwanda’s remarkable progress toward achieving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic control — particularly in attaining high levels of linkage to treatment and viral load suppression among people living with HIV.

Results from the Rwanda Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (RPHIA) show that 76 percent of adults living with HIV have achieved viral load suppression, a widely used measure of effective HIV treatment in a population. Rwanda has made tremendous progress towards the UNAIDS 90–90–90 targets by attaining 84–98–90 among adults.

“Congratulations to the government and people of Rwanda for their dedication to stopping their HIV epidemic and linking more than 97 percent of those diagnosed into care. The success they have achieved in surpassing the UNAIDS 2020 goal demonstrates the power of effective HIV treatment and care,” said CDC director Dr. Robert Redfield.

In 2018-19, the RPHIA survey reached over 11,000 households, providing home-based HIV testing and counseling services with return of results and linkage to care.

“Rwanda has already reached and exceeded the global 2020 HIV targets, and this is a testament to the Government of Rwanda’s commitment to confronting its HIV epidemic” noted Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr, director of ICAP and Professor of Epidemiology and Medicine at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. “The RPHIA results illustrate the importance of population-based surveys in measuring the progress and impact of national HIV programs and policies.”

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