The late urban visionary Ms. Jane Jacobs’ credo on community participation was taken to heart by Columbia students competing to reshape the urban environment to improve the health of New Yorkers. Ms. Jacobs, whose 100th birthday is being celebrated this week, wrote, “Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.” Organized by the Mailman School Urban Health Initiative, with the Graduate School of Architecture and Planning and Preservation (GSAPP), and the Columbia Population Research Center, the Sustainabuild challenge has four student teams squaring off for a $1,000 prize provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society Scholars program and a chance to present their concept to the City Department of Design and Construction (DDC). Students pitched their ideas to a panel of judges from the Mailman School and the Graduate School of Architecture on April 26.
[Photo: Gina Lovasi]
Ms. Adena Hernandez, an MPH student in sociomedical sciences, said she and her Mailman teammates embarked on their project around the newly reopened High Bridge by interviewing residents on either side of the pedestrian crossing. “We wanted to do outreach to find out what the communities want and need,” she said. Locals in Washington Heights and the Bronx told the group they yearned for the bridge to become a more compelling place to relax with family and friends. One concern was a lack of adequate lighting. In response, the students proposal incorporated plans for both functional and decorative lighting as well as a barbeque area — another community request.
[Photo: (left to right) Ms. Ashley Gripper, Ms. Kelly Cheung, Ms. Adena Hernandez]
Several teams pointed to the health benefits of parks and green spaces, including their potential to reduce crime, encourage social cohesion, and promote physical activity and mental wellbeing and proposed a 24-hour rooftop “healing” garden. Police-community relations were the theme of another proposal which would transform two East Harlem parking lots into a neutral green space to “break down the barriers between police and the neighborhood.”
As part of her team’s proposal, Ms. Mathilde Puls, an MPH student in sociomedical sciences, argued for an urban “right to restrooms.” She said the near absence public bathrooms in New York City makes it difficult for some people — including those with limited mobility and bladder and bowel conditions — to spend much time outside. The students’ solution: compostable public toilets to relieve both residents needing a bathroom break as well as the overtaxed water and sewage system.
[Photo: (left to right) Ms. Mathilde Puls and Ms. Nicole Tay]
A pilot toilet in Plazas de las Americas on West 175th Street might also lead to a reduction in the minor crimes of public urination, said Ms. Nicole Tay, an MPH student in epidemiology, while freeing offenders from an unpleasant, and potentially unhealthy, interaction with the criminal justice system.
Dr. Gina Lovasi, co-director of the Mailman School’s Urban Health Initiative and assistant professor of epidemiology, reflected on the competition she took a leading role to organize: “It has been a thrill to see what happens when you combine public health and design thinking — research to understand how urban spaces affects health and a vision to harness the built environment to make it better. Without exception, these students listened to the city, just as Jane Jacobs did before them.”