Dr. Lorna Thorpe, a professor at CUNY School of Public Health co-authored a publication in the European Journal of Cancer Prevention.
The researchers examined the effects of race/ethnicity and neighborhood, a proxy of socioeconomic status, on cancer incidence in three New York City neighborhoods. In this ecological study, data were stratified by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and neighborhood. Logistic regression models were fitted to each cancer incidence rate with race/ethnicity, neighborhood, and survey-derived risk factors as predictor variables. Neighborhood was significantly associated with all cancers and 14 out of 25 major cancers. The prevalence of diabetes and tobacco smoking were the largest contributors toward high cancer rates. Despite juxtaposition and similar proximity to medical centers, cancer incidence disparities persist in the studied neighborhoods.Targeted, neighborhood-specific outreach may aid in reducing cancer incidence rates.