Epidemiologists from Drexel University’s Dornsife School of Public Health found that diagnoses of parental depression throughout a child’s life were associated with worse school performance at age 16 years. The study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, analyzed records of more than 1.1 million Swedish children and their parents. Both maternal depression and paternal depression at different periods (before birth, after birth, and during child ages 1-5, 6-10, and 11-16 years) generally were associated with worse school performance. Child sex modified the associations of maternal depression with school performance such that maternal depression had a larger negative influence on child school performance for girls compared with boys. While further analysis is needed to verify findings, the researchers suggest that intervention and support among children of affected parents should be considered if the associations observed are causal.