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Member Research and Reports

Member Research and Reports

Florida International: Receives Grant to Assess Totality of Adducts Induced by Environmental Exposures

Dr. Marcus S. Cooke, professor in Florida International University Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work’s Department of Environmental Health Sciences, has received a $1,385,828 grant from National Institutes of Health (NIH) for his proposed novel, non-invasive DNA adductomic approach to assess the totality of adducts induced by environmental exposures.

“Exposure to environmental, and endogenous, agents can induce DNA damage, and the consequential genomic instability plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of many major human diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and cardiovascular disease, together with aging,” said Dr. Cooke. “The emerging technique of DNA adductomics offers the potential to comprehensively assess the totality of adducts in the genome, but the requirement for significant quantities of tissue DNA limits its application to molecular epidemiology. We are first to demonstrate the ability to perform DNA adductomics in urine.”

“Young and old, every day we are all exposed to DNA damaging agents, so having a way of assessing this, non-invasively, is a major step forward, towards informing on our risk of disease. This could be a game-changer.” continued Dr. Cooke.

The project involves worldwide collaboration with partners from Chung Shan Medical University, Imperial College London, University of Minnesota, Erasmus University, MIT, Kyushu University, University Gothenburg and, and University of Miami.

This approach represents an important route to simply, and non-invasively, evaluate the totality of adducts in human populations, which may be applied to assessing cancer risk or prevention.

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