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Raising a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) costs American families an estimated $5.8 billion every year — five times more than raising a child without ADHD — according to a new study by researchers at Florida International University Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work and FIU’s Center for Children and Families.
This is the first study to calculate children’s social, behavioral and academic difficulties into a family’s cost of raising a child with ADHD.
“On average, families of kids with ADHD spent $15,036 per child — not including treatment — and families of kids without ADHD spent $2,848 over the course of a child’s development,” said economist Dr. Timothy F. Page of the Department of Health Policy and Management in the Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work. “There are other sources of elevated cost to families above and beyond medication and services directly related to treatment for ADHD that were not being accounted for in previous estimates.”
Children with ADHD often have academic and behavioral difficulties in the classroom that lead to additional costs for families, including private tutoring, summer classes, computer software or other learning services beyond those provided by the education system.
“Despite the extensive research that has been done on the impairments related to ADHD, not much research has been done on the financial burden it has had on families,” said Ms. Xin Alisa Zhao, lead author of the study and doctoral student in the FIU Department of Psychology. “A comprehensive understanding of the financial burden of raising a child with ADHD is a vital aspect of advocating for, justifying, and planning interventions for families of children with ADHD.”Friday Letter Submission