Smoking accounted for more than one out of every seven tuberculosis deaths among the 32 countries with the highest rates of TB in the world, according to a recent study led by researchers from the Georgia State University School of Public Health.
“Smoking plays a harmful role in the global TB pandemic, contributing greatly to increased risk of TB disease and TB death in high-TB-burden countries,” the researchers said. “Despite improvements in global tobacco control policy, most countries do not have coordinated mechanisms between TB and tobacco control programs, and tobacco cessation support for patients with TB is limited.”
The study examined tuberculosis incidences and deaths, as well as smoking prevalence, among adult men and women living in the 32 countries identified by the World Health Organization as having the highest burden of TB in the world.
The results of the study are published in the American Journal of Epidemiology in the article “Contribution of Smoking to Tuberculosis Incidence and Mortality in High-Tuberculosis-Burden Countries.” The paper’s authors are Georgia State researchers Dr. Genet Amere, doctoral student Ms. Argita Salindri, and Dr. Matthew Magee, assistant professor of epidemiology and biostatistics; Dr. Pratibha Nayak, a research scientist with Bateille and former postdoctoral research associate with Georgia State; and Dr. K.M. Venkat Narayan with Emory University.