A carbon fee-and-rebate policy in Massachusetts could save as many as 340 lives over the course of 23 years and reduce carbon emissions by 33 million metric tons, according to new research led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
The study modeled the potential effects of a model policy between 2017–2040, looking specifically at how the legislation would affect levels of air pollutants, including sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, fine particulate matter and volatile organic compounds.
“Climate policies, even at the state or local level, can have substantial, basically immediate, and local benefits to health,” Dr. Jonathan Buonocore, a research associated at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s Center for Climate, Health and the Global Environment (C-CHANGE), said in a January 24 Physics World article. “By improving air quality, these policies can especially protect children, the elderly, and others that are more vulnerable to air pollution.”