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Member Research and Reports

Member Research and Reports

Iowa Research Suggests Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy May Provide a More Accurate Measurement of Radium

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, uses horizontal drilling to extract trapped natural gas from small crevices in rock formations. To free the gas, a mixture of water, sand, and chemicals is injected deep underground into wells vertically and then horizontally at extremely high pressure. The pressurized fluid mixture fractures the rock and allows the natural gas to rise to the surface through the recovered water – called flowback water (FBW).