Illinois could reduce the number of people killed each year by gun violence by implementing ten policies supported by available research, according to a new report authored by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research. The center is based at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
The recommended policies include strengthening the state’s gun purchaser licensing system by requiring an in-person application to law enforcement, fingerprinting and safety training. New data in this report suggest that purchaser licensing is more effective in reducing firearm homicides when these systems require in-person applications with law enforcement agencies.
The report also recommends expanding current firearm prohibitions for domestic abusers and individuals convicted of multiple alcohol-related offenses and providing more funding for local initiatives proven to reduce gun violence.
The report, “Policies to Reduce Gun Violence in Illinois: Research, Policy Analysis, and Recommendations,” was commissioned by the Joyce Foundation. It is available for download from the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research.
Currently, Illinois is one of nine states that requires individuals to obtain a license or permit from law enforcement — called a Firearm Owner’s Identification (FOID) in Illinois — to acquire a handgun. Previous research from the report’s authors found that handgun purchaser licensing is effective at reducing gun homicides, suicides and shootings of law enforcement officers.
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