Immigration raids could have considerable health effects in the surrounding community, further marginalizing people and preventing them from seeking health care services, a new study says.
The study at Michigan’s SPH was based on a survey that was in progress when an immigration raid took place in November 2013 in Washtenaw County in southeastern Michigan.
The survey found that people, including those born in the U.S., were less likely to seek government services after the raid and less likely to engage with their community.
The study also showed a decline of self-rated health among community members, with 55 percent of respondents rating their health as excellent or very good before the raid. But 51 percent said their health was excellent or very good after the raid.
“People might not realize it, but these type of law enforcement events affect our entire community on a daily basis. Many of the folks involved in these raids are our family and friends, fellow students and coworkers, and our children go to school alongside their children,” said Mr. William Lopez, a doctoral student at U-M School of Public Health and one of the researchers in the project.
Dr. Daniel Kruger, lead researcher of the study and U-M SPH research assistant professor of health behavior and health education, said, “Even if we can’t change the immigration policies or prevent raids from happening, people should know that they can access these services. If they know how the system works and what would and would not put them at risk, hopefully people would be more likely to use those services.” He added, “One thing that agencies can do is to explicitly tell people in their marketing materials that using their services will not put them at risk of deportation.”
The study was published in the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.
The survey, called Encuesta Buenos Vecinos, was funded by the U.S. Housing and Urban Development -Sustainable Communities Project, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research Partnership, Michigan Department of Community Health – Health Equity Capacity Building Project, and Washtenaw County Public Health.