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Public Health Reports: Age-Standardized Mortality of Persons on Probation, in Jail, or in State Prison and the General Populations, 2001-2012

In a recent article in Public Health Reports, Dr. Christopher Wildeman and Ms. Alyssa W. Goldman of Cornell University and Dr. Emily A. Wang of Yale University compared the standardized mortality ratios of people on probation in the U.S. with people in jail and in state prison, as well as the general US population. Administrative data from 2001-2012 concerning the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) database and indirect standardization techniques was assessed to compare the mortality rates of those on probation in 15 states with the mortality rates of people in jail and in state prison, as well as the general U.S. population. Results indicated that people on probation died at a rate 3.42 times higher than those in jail, 2.81 times higher than those in state prison, and 2.10 times higher than the general U.S. population. The authors concluded that public health interventions should target people on probation, who have received less attention from the public health community than those serving sentences in jails and prisons.

Full article.

Public Health Reports (PHR) is the official journal of the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Public Health Service and has been published since 1878. The journal is peer-reviewed and publishes original research, reviews, and commentaries in the areas of public health practice and methodology, original research, public health law, and teaching at schools and programs of public health schools and teaching. It is published bimonthly, plus supplement issues, through an official agreement with the Association of Schools and Programs of Public HealthPHR’s mission is to facilitate the movement of science into public health practice and policy to positively affect the health and wellness of the American public.

Visit Public Health Reports for more information about the journal.

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