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Public Health Reports: Homelessness and Mortality Among Persons With Tuberculosis in Texas, 2010-2017

In a recent article in Public Health Reports, Drs. Saroochi Agarwal, Duc T. Nguyen, and Edward A. Graviss of Houston Methodist Research Institute identified risks for homelessness and death during mycobacterial treatment among individuals experiencing homelessness with tuberculosis (TB) in Texas. Data was used from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) TB Genotyping Information Management System to evaluate demographic, laboratory, and clinical characteristics of individuals experiencing homelessness in Texas during the year before tuberculosis diagnosis, from January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2017. Results indicated that of the 10 130 individuals newly diagnosed with tuberculosis during the study period, 543 were reported as being homeless in the year before tuberculosis diagnosis. The odds of dying during treatment were 2.26 times higher for those with tuberculosis experiencing homelessness as opposed to individuals with tuberculosis living in homes. The authors concluded that individuals experiencing homelessness are more prone to tuberculosis mortality in Texas. This may be related to poorer health caused by poverty stressors, comorbidities, or lack of access to health care.

Full article.

Public Health Reports (PHR) is the official journal of the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Public Health Service and has been published since 1878. The journal is peer-reviewed and publishes original research, reviews, and commentaries in the areas of public health practice and methodology, original research, public health law, and teaching at schools and programs of public health schools and teaching. It is published bimonthly, plus supplement issues, through an official agreement with the Association of Schools and Programs of Public HealthPHR’s mission is to facilitate the movement of science into public health practice and policy to positively affect the health and wellness of the American public.

Visit Public Health Reports for more information about the journal.

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