In a recent article in Public Health Reports, Drs. Linda R. Stanley and Randall C. Swaim of Colorado State University looked at substance use among American Indian and White students living on or near reservations. Data was obtained from 4964 students in grades 7 through 12 who attended 46 American schools on or near reservations from 2009 to 2013. Measures assessed current substance use for alcohol, heavy drinking, marijuana, cigarettes, inhalants, and other drugs. There were significant differences seen in substance use patterns among American Indian and White students attending the same schools on reservations, especially at younger ages. The authors concluded that identifying subpopulations of substance users allows for the design of interventions meant to efficiently and effectively handle prevention and treatment needs of individual groups who share certain characteristics.
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