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Public Health Reports: Survival After HIV Infection Stage 3 (AIDS) Diagnosis, by Population Density Areas, United States, 2005-2010

In a recent article in Public Health Reports,  Dr. Karin Bosh and Ms. Mi Chen from the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Ms. Jing Shi from ICF International examined the survival rates after the diagnosis of HIV infection stage 3 (AIDS) in the United States by the population density of the area of residence at diagnosis. They used data from the National HIV Surveillance System to calculate survival rates for more than 12, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis with HIV infection stage 3 (AIDS) across 3 population density area categories — large metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), small-to-medium MSAs, and nonmetropolitan areas.

Authors found that survival rates were highest among people residing in large MSAs and lowest among people residing in nonmetropolitan areas. They conclude that although survival rates for those with HIV infection stage 3 (AIDS) have improved in all three population density area categories, efforts to remove barriers to care and promote treatment adherence in nonmetropolitan areas will be necessary to eliminate survival disparities.

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