In a recent article in Public Health Reports, Ms. Carla DeSisto and Dr. Jill McDonald from the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health compared the rates of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age between U.S.-born and foreign-born Hispanic women, including by mother’s country of birth. For their analyses, authors used the data from the 2013 natality file from the National Vital Statistics System of the National Center for Health Statistics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). They found that U.S.-born Hispanic women had higher rates of the three birth outcomes than did foreign-born Hispanic women. The rates for these three birth outcomes varied significantly by the country of birth for foreign-born Hispanic women, with Puerto Rican women consistently having the poorest birth outcomes. Authors conclude that presenting rates for foreign-born mothers as a group may mask the differences by country and that states should stratify maternal and infant health data they collect by maternal country of birth.
Public Health Reports is the official journal of the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Public Health Service and has been published since 1878. It is published bimonthly, plus supplement issues, through an official agreement with the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.
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