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Member Research and Reports

Member Research and Reports

South Carolina: Researchers Examine the Effects of Meal-timing on Self-rated Hunger and Dietary Inflammatory Potential Among College Students

Researchers with the Cancer Prevention and Control Program at the University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health have published a paper on the effects of meal-timing on self-rated hunger and dietary inflammatory potential among a sample of college students. The study was led by health promotion, education, and behavior doctoral student Mr. Anthony Crimarco and was published in the Journal of American College Health.

“College is an important time for young adults to establish healthy eating habits since students are at risk for gaining weight during the college years,” Mr. Crimarco says. “An emerging area of research is examining the effect of meal-timing, which involves the timing of food intake throughout the day, in an effort to improve satiety and bodyweight.”

With this study, the authors examined the use of meal-timing among a sample of college students. Their goal was to assess what aspects from an intervention could help them adhere to meal-timing long term.

Through random assignment, students participated in either a daytime group, which consumed 70 percent or more of their total calories before 5 p.m., or a nighttime group, which consumed 50 percent or more of their total calories after 5:00 p.m. for 24 hours. The researchers found that after completing the intervention, 49 percent of the participants reported they could adhere to meal-timing long term.

“Having more resources that support meal-timing are needed to help students potentially achieve a healthy weight and prevent chronic diseases,” Mr. Crimarco says.

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