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Member Research and Reports

Member Research and Reports

South Carolina: Researchers Study Patterns of Comorbidity and Sociodemographic and Psychosocial Correlates Among People Living with HIV in South Carolina

Research led by faculty in the South Carolina SmartState Center for Healthcare Quality and the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior in the University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health have completed a study examining patterns of comorbidity and sociodemographic and psychosocial correlates among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in South Carolina. The study was published in HIV Medicine and led by post-doctoral fellow, Dr. Xueying Yang, assistant professor, Dr. Shan Qiao, and professor, Dr. Xiaoming Li.

With this study, the researchers investigated the associations between various psychosocial variables and different comorbid conditions in South Carolina. They collected data from more than 400 people living with HIV using a cross-sectional survey administered between May and September 2018. Comorbid conditions were categorized into the following groups: sexually transmitted infection, noninfectious chronic comorbidities, and any comorbidity.

Based on their analyses, the authors found that 61.7 percent of the participants had sexually transmitted infection comorbidities, 21.9 percent had noninfectious comorbidities, and 69.4 percent had any type of comorbidity. They found higher levels of depression were associated with an increased risk of any comorbidity and higher anxiety levels were associated with an increased risk of sexually transmitted infection comorbidities or any comorbidity. Further, they found that higher resilience scores were associated with a decreased risk of noninfectious chronic comorbidities or any comorbidity.

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