Population is aging rapidly and this phenomenon leads to many challenges, including the increase burden of diseases and disabilities, increase of medical and long-term care needs, bankruptcy of national health insurance and so on. In dealing with these challenges, the World Health Organization (WHO) built an active ageing framework and defined “active ageing is a process of optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security in order to improve quality of life as people age.” In order to measure active ageing level and track the change after policies on aging implemented, The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) experts developed a tool, namely Active Aging Index (AAI), which includes 22 indicators that are able to measure active aging level in 4 domains: employment (4 indicators), social participation (4 indicators), independent/healthy/secure living (8 indicators), and capacity and enabling environment (4 indicators). The AAI tool can capture multidimensional aspects of active and healthy aging, tract the change over time, and provide policy advices to policymakers.
A research team at the National Taiwan University College of Public Health, has adapted and validated a tool on a sample of 804 older adults in Vietnam. This study has examined and reported different psychometric properties of the AAI tool, including test-retest reliability, internal consistency, content validity, concurrent validity and construct validity. More details of research methods and results are reported in the published paper below.Friday Letter Submission