The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) has received a $12 million contract from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to continue its role as the Chicago field center of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, or HCHS/SOL — the largest-ever prospective epidemiological study of this diverse population. Dr. Maria Argos, assistant professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, is a co-investigator in the study.
The multi-site study, which started in 2008, collected information on health issues, risk factors and lifestyle habits from 16,415 adults ages 18-74 living in Chicago, San Diego, Miami and the Bronx. In the first phase of the study, participants underwent an extensive seven- to eight-hour baseline exam and answered questionnaires about their health and lifestyle factors. Phase I of the study revealed the sizeable burden of risk factors experienced by this diverse population: for example, about 17 percent of Hispanic/Latino men and women had diabetes, and about 37 percent of men and 43 percent of women were obese. About 80 percent of men and 71 percent of women had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
In the study’s second phase, which ended in 2018, researchers reexamined 11,621 of the participants and collected data on chronic diseases that are prevalent in Hispanics/Latinos, including heart disease, diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and gestational diabetes. Participants completed questionnaires on demographic, sociocultural and lifestyle factors. Genetic analysis was also performed.Friday Letter Submission