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Member Research and Reports

Member Research and Reports

UIC: New Research Examines Association Between Environmental Quality and Diabetes in the U.S.

A new study co-authored by Dr. Jyotsna Jagai, research assistant professor of environmental and occupational health sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, found counties with strong sociodemographic environments were associated with lower total diabetes prevalence rates as compared with counties with poor sociodemographic environments.

The study, “Association between environmental quality and diabetes in the USA,” published in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation, found that diabetes prevalence was not associated with overall, cumulative, environmental quality for all counties in the country, but associations varied for specific domains and by rural – urban status. Overall environmental quality was strongly associated with total diabetes prevalence in the less urbanized and thinly populated strata.

The study found strong associations between total diabetes prevalence and the sociodemographic domain for all counties and in all rural–urban strata. The metropolitan‐urbanized strata counties with poor sociodemographic environment showed a 1.73 percent increase in annual diagnosed diabetes prevalence compared with counties with the best sociodemographic environment; this translates to an estimated increase of 13.84 percent over the 8‐year study period. The thinly populated counties showed a 2.89 percent increase in annual diagnosed diabetes, which is an estimated increase of 23.12 percent over the 8‐year study period.

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