Emerging adulthood – a developmental period that spans from the ages of 18-to-25 years – has been described as a stressful stage in life, where there is a high prevalence of poor mental health. This period may be particularly stressful for Hispanic emerging adults who are disproportionately exposed to adversity and chronic socio-cultural stressors.
A study published in the Journal of Behavioral Medicine examined the association between resilience — the capacity to positively adapt despite adversity and stressful experiences that individuals may face — and depressive symptoms among Hispanic emerging adults, as well as the extent to which these capacity factors could moderate the association. The study was co-authored by researchers at Florida International University, Arizona State University, University of Miami Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Michigan, Boston University, as well as the University of Houston.
Researchers examined intrapersonal factors, such as mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion and regulation strategies, as well as interpersonal factors, such as family cohesion and social support, and how they may enhance the effect of resilience in reducing the occurrence or intensity of depressive symptoms.
To examine these aims, 200 Hispanic emerging adults from Arizona and Florida, all between the ages of 18 to 25, completed a cross-sectional survey. The results showed that higher resilience was associated with lower depressive symptoms. Family cohesion, social support, and emotion regulation strategies, such as cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppressive, functioned as moderators. Researchers also found, however, that mindfulness and distress tolerance were not significant moderators.Friday Letter Submission, Publish on February 21