According to a study published in Neurology, having a high body mass index (BMI) and a bigger waistline in your 60s may be associated with brain thinning in later life. Brain thinning affects the cortex, which is responsible for processing different types of sensory information.
The study was co-authored by University of Miami Miller School of Medicine’s Dr. Tatjana Rundek, professor of neurology, epidemiology, and public health, Ms. Michelle Caunca, a third-year MD/PhD candidate at the University of Miami Department of Public Health Sciences, and other researchers.
The study examined data from the Northern Manhattan Study, which included 1,289 people who were aged 64 years, were 60 percent women and 66 percent Hispanic.
There were 346 participants that had a normal BMI of less than 25, as well as 571 that had 25 to 30, which is considered overweight, and 372 with 30 or higher, which is considered obese.
In waist circumference, 54 percent of women were in the normal weight category with an average of 33 inches, 56 percent were in the overweight category with an average of 36 inches, and 73 percent were in the obese category with an average of 41 inches.
Six years later, they had MRI scans to measure the thickness of their cortex, their brain volume, and other factors. Results showed that with every unit increase in BMI in overweight participants, there was an association with a 0.098-millimeter thinner cortex. Among those with obesity, there was an association with a 0.207-millimeter thinner cortex.
“Poor brain health in aging populations is a public health concern with the growing burden of dementia in the U.S. There is a lack of curative therapies for dementia, so focusing on modifiable risk factors can help attenuate the burden of cognitive impairment,” Ms. Caunca said.Friday Letter Submission, Publish on August 09