Dr. Andre Wilke from the University of Miami Department of Public Health Sciences, Dr. Giovanni Benelli, from the Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment at the University of Pisa, and Dr. John Beier, also from the UMiami, co-authored a viewpoint paper that focused on the A. albopictus in Europe and C. coronator Dyar and Knab in America.
The C. coronator – a Neotropical species native from Trinidad and Tobago – is the vector of Saint Louis encephalitis and the West Nile viruses and is becoming a public health concern in the Americas. In the U.S., they have been found in Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. In Miami-Dade, there have been 26,825 female C. coronator collected in urban areas from May 2016 to November 2019. The species was also found in Tennessee and in Virginia.
The A. albopictus, more recently found by the world trade of used tires, is a primary vector of the chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever, and Zika viruses. It has been mainly found in several Western Europe countries, such as in Albania, Italy, France, Greece, Switzerland, Belgium, Spain, and Germany. The species was also found in Southern England.
“It is currently unknown what mechanisms are employed by invasive mosquito species to disperse, establish and thrive in urban environments. There are no effective contingency plans to guide mosquito control operations to deal with this increasing threat,” Dr. Wilke said.
Researchers suggested a framework for future research on the development of control strategies to prevent the invasion, establishment, and colonization of new areas by alien mosquito vectors, as well as on future research challenges.Friday Letter Submission, Publish on January 10