Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in the U.S. is 68 percent higher than among heterosexuals. Little published work has addressed how to best promote smoking-cessation efforts targeting LGBT people, but unpublished community-led programs have important lessons for designing interventions. Clinical treatments such as counseling and nicotine replacement therapies work similarly for LGBT and heterosexual smokers, but there are likely unique barriers to accessing cessation services for LGBT smokers.
[Photo: As with heterosexual smokers, many LGBT smokers have attempted to quit. While many succeed, Mr. Lee’s review finds that LGBT people face unique barriers to accessing cessation services. Photo by Alessandra/Creative Commons.]
Such are the findings of Mr. Joseph G.L. Lee, health behavior doctoral candidate in the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health. His paper, “Promoting tobacco use cessation for LGBT people: A systematic review”, was published online November 18 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Mr. Lee was joined in the study by Dr. Alicia K. Matthews, associate professor in the College of Nursing at the University of Illinois-Chicago; Mr. Cramer A. McCullen, medical student in the UNC School of Medicine; and Dr. Cathy L. Melvin, associate professor in the department of public health sciences in the College of Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina.