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Member Research and Reports

Member Research and Reports

Yale: Study Links Insurance Coverage to Access to Hospital Care

Compared to privately insured patients, individuals who lack insurance or use Medicaid are more likely to be transferred to another hospital after receiving initial treatment in the emergency department (ED). The uninsured are also at greater risk of being discharged from an ED and not admitted to the hospital. These findings reveal disparities in access to hospital care linked to insurance coverage, said Yale researchers.

Their study was published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Prior research suggests that uninsured and underinsured patients were more likely to be transferred from the ED to another hospital, especially if they needed specialized care for an emergency. But other studies failed to account for differences in the ability of hospitals to provide those specialized services, such as intensive care.

To explore the issue further, the Yale researchers analyzed data from a national sample of EDs for one year. They included only hospitals that offered critical care to treat three conditions commonly seen in the ED: asthma, pneumonia, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

The research team reviewed more than 200,000 ED visits and found significant differences – linked with insurance status – in whether patients were transferred, discharged, or hospitalized. While the study did not examine the cause of these disparities, financial incentives for hospitals could play a role, said Dr. Arjun K. Venkatesh, one of the researchers and an assistant professor of emergency medicine at Yale. Hospitals are not reimbursed for admitting uninsured patients and they receive lower payments for Medicaid, he noted.

The study authors urge policymakers to recognize this access gap through research and strategies to support coverage for the uninsured and Medicaid recipients.

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